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TOPIC A

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONFLICT AND NATURAL RESOURCES IN NORTHERN AND WESTERN AFRICA

The people of northern and Western Africa have been historically abused because of the area’s wealth in natural resources (gold, diamonds, oil, the world’s biggest uranium deposits etc). In regions where ethnic conflicts, terrorism and civil war are among many issues that plague nations; the presence and exploitation of resources have been active elements within complex regional conflicts. 

 

Foreign powers have altered the balance of power in national wars to secure mineral reserves and the illegal extraction of oil is a main source of funding for dangerous terrorist organizations. Peace and stability are harder to maintain with several groups fighting for control of vast deposits of valuable materials. As delegates in the United Nations SPECPOL committee you must work to identify the role that the exploitation of natural wealth has taken in the conflicts of this part of the world and find solutions that may help in solving the problems brought by it.

TOPIC B

STATE OF DEMOCRACY IN POST COLONIAL GOVERNMENTS

Democracy is under a threat. More and more governments worldwide are guilty of constantly providing obstacles that deny its citizens of having a proper democracy. Corruption, crime, wars, economic crisis, and a constant denial of freedom of speech have made finding functional democratic states harder on the modern day. 

 

As delegates it is important to locate and analyze the major problems that continue to affect democracy on a local and international level, and also work to create solutions that can help eradicate them and ensure democracy in every single country.