TOPIC A

HOW GLOBAL WARMING HAS AFFECTED THE RATE OF NATURAL DISASTERS

Global warming is an ongoing problem that the inhabitants of Earth have been dealing with over the past centuries. It affects not only us humans but also the living organisms around us. Recently, it has become more evident that this issue is having a great impact on the natural cycle of our planet. We have seen on the news how natural disasters have increased and become a bigger threat to our habitat. Some of those disasters include hurricanes, droughts, storms and wildfires.

 

Natural disasters are defined as events that result from natural processes of the Earth, but lately we have also been experiencing what could be called “Man-Made disasters”. Those are defined as hazards caused by humans and in this case, the most relevant to our committee is the ongoing biological and chemical threat. Both types of disasters have affected the international community but mostly, the developing countries who find themselves in a harder position to rebuild what has been destroyed.

 

As delegates of the UNEP committee, we expect you to research thoroughly about these ongoing crises and find viable solutions for each of them. It is now your responsibility to evaluate how global warming is affecting humans, animals and the planet we live on. It should be recalled that the goal of this Programme is to coordinate the environmental activities by engaging in policies and practices that will benefit the international community and therefore, it is your duty to encounter the most effective ways of doing so.

TOPIC B

TOXIC WASTES MANAGEMENT

Chemicals and waste are integral to almost all sectors of society, and their sound management is essential for protecting human and environmental health. Wastes are integral to our everyday life, but they also have major impacts on the environment and human health. As the world’s population approaches 8 billion, the management of chemicals and waste is becoming more important.

 

Toxic waste can harm people, animals, and plants, and, more frequently than it should, it ends up in the ground, in streams, or even in the air. Some of the most toxic wastes are solvent-based paints, pesticides and other garden chemicals, batteries, motor oils, petrol and kerosene, cleaning and polishing chemicals, swimming pool or spa bath chemicals. There are some toxins, such as mercury and lead, that persist in the environment for many years and accumulate over time; humans and wildlife often absorb these toxic substances when they eat fish or other prey. 

 

To all the delegates of UNEP, we expect you to research these toxic wastes; where, why and how are they produced? What are their consequences? We make a call to solve a crisis that brings many problems and continues to affect multiple species and their ecosystems. We ought to ensure environmental policies and practices that keep peace and provide the best solutions. 

© ASPAEN Cartagena Model United Nations 2021.

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